During the 21st century, it is estimated that almost 250 million Chinese people have migrated from rural China to an urban area, most noticeably Beijing and Shanghai. Today, around 51.27% of China’s population live in cities, compared to only 26% in 1990. The reason that so many people are attracted to move into cities like Beijing is because cities present them with more opportunities of a successful career, better hospitals, health care and a good education. However, many rural migrants find themselves at the lower end of society working in meagre paying jobs and have difficulty receiving basic housing or education. They do not have the same rights as urban residents. These rural migrants are known as the ‘Floating Population’ and make up around 8 million people of Beijing’s population of 21 million.